DETERRENCE EFFECT OF COLORED DIVERSION SHEETS ON THE POPULATION DENSITY OF MELON FRUIT FLIES BACTROCERA CUCURBITAE (COQUILLETT) AND YIELD PARAMETERS OF BITTER GOURD (MOMORDICA CHARANTIA L.)
Keywords:Bactrocera cucurbitae, Momordica charantia, reflecting sheet, yield loss, Fruit Infestation
The bitter melon, or the bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.), is a tropical and subtropical area vegetable. Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), causes 30 to 100% crop loss. This study used refractive color sheets to examine reduced-risk insecticide spinosad formulations of prevalence and infestation of fruit flies on bitter gourd plants. Three different angles (30°, 60°, and 90°) of reflective sheets were put in M. charantia beds. Results showed that fruit flies were substantially more prevalent (60%) in the control condition. Compared to other color sheets, treatments using yellow refractive sheets showed the highest occurrence of fruit flies. Spinosad, a low-risk insecticide, had the lowest fruit FI% (6%) and the highest commercial yield (860g/bed), followed by blue-colored refractive sheets. Installation angles had no appreciable impact on any of the examined characteristics. Additionally, treatments using yellow-colored refractive sheets and the spinosad formulation (1:1.8), (1:4.9) were found to have the highest and lowest CBR. Installing refractive sheets in colors other than yellow at angles of 30° or 60° has been determined to be a more successful and cost-efficient technique for reducing fruit fly incidence on several vegetable crops. This is especially true when combined with biorational insecticides like spinosad.
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