ASSESSMENT OF MORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS IN TOMATO HYBRIDS FOR IMPROVED CULTIVATION PRACTICES
Keywords:tomato, genotypes, hybrids, maturity, pests, pathogens
Tomato is widely used as a vegetable and plays an important role in the diet for its health benefits. The present research was carried out at the vegetable section of Barani Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Chakwal, Pakistan, during the summer season of 2022. The experimental material used for the present study comprised 8 genotypes of tomato. Plant material was collected from the vegetable section of the plant breeding and genetics department in BARI Chakwal. Indeterminate genotype used for morphological characterization was LITH-904, LITH-908, LITH-942, LITH-949, LITH-970, SANDEL-F1, SAHEL-F1, and ANNA-F1. These genotypes were analyzed based on different morphological parameters. The observations recorded were subjected to different statistical analyses, and significant variations were observed among all the genotypes. The advantages of hybrid tomato cultivars are uniformity in shape and size, increased vigor, early maturity, high-yield, and resistance to specific pests and pathogens. The growth characteristics varied significantly among different tomato hybrids. The present research was conducted to evaluate different indeterminate tomato hybrids through various qualitative and quantitative traits to boost the future breeding programs of tomatoes to develop new high-yielding varieties. High yield and good processing qualities are the pre-requisites for the general acceptance of the hybrid by the farmers and the end consumer.
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